The Failure of the Gallipoli Campaign
This photograph shows the evacuation of allied forces from Suvla Bay during the Gallipoli campaign, following the allied failure to break the Ottoman Turk lines commanded Mustafa Kemal, the future revered leader of post war Turkey. The allies had carried out a series of amphibious landings in the Dardanelles with the goal of eventually marching on Constantinople and knocking the Ottomans out of the war. But the Ottomans, despite being economically and militarily backwards, and fighting the allies on multiple and distant fronts, were surprisingly resilient, especially when commanded by competent commanders. The allies failed to break through, and were contained near their beach heads. After months of stalemate and mounting casualties, the allies withdrew by sea.